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הפריט שבחרת:
שם משפחה
רוצה לעזור לנו לשפר את התוכן? אפשר לשלוח הצעות

מקור השם מוסקוביץ'

MOSCOVICI

שמות משפחה נובעים מכמה מקורות שונים. לעיתים לאותו שם קיים יותר מהסבר אחד. שם משפחה זה הוא מסוג השמות הטופונימיים (שם הנגזר משם של מקום כגון עיירה, עיר, מחוז או ארץ). שמות אלו, אשר נובעים משמות של מקומות, לא בהכרח מעידים על קשר היסטורי ישיר לאותו מקום, אבל יכולים להצביע על קשר בלתי ישיר בין נושא השם או אבותיו למקום, כגון בין מקום לידה, מגורים ארעיים, מסחר או קרובי משפחה.

מוסקוביץ', המכיל את הסופית הסלבית "-וביץ'" שפירושה "מ-",מוצאו מ-" וגם "בנו של", אפשר שנגזר משמה של העיר מוסקבה, בירת רוסיה, הידועה גם שמות מסקבה ברוסית, ומוסקאו בגרמנית; הנוכחות היהודית במקום הזה מתועדת החל מהמאה ה-15, למרות שעד סוף המאה ה-18 נאסר עליהם להתגורר בעיר זאת.

המונח מוסקוביטים והגרסאות שלו הוא שם גנרי עבור רוסים המקובל בשפות שונות במזרח אירופה.

ייתכן ששם משפחה זה הוא גם מסוג השמות הפטרונימיים (שמות שמקורם בשמו של האב) מכיוון שהם נגזרים משמו הפרטי של אחד מאבות המשפחה, כאשר במקרה זה הוא ממקור מקראי. מושלס הוא גרסה יידיש של השם המקראי משה. על פי ההסבר במקרא פירוש השם הוא "כי מן המיים משיתהו" (שמות, ב, י). משה רבנו, אשר חי במאה ה-13 לפסה"נ, היה בנם של עמרם ויוכבד משבט לוי, והאח של אהרוןמ ומרים.

בהיותו שם פרטי פופולרי, משה יצר גרסאות רבות אשר הפכו לשם משפחה נפוצים בכל העולם היהודי.

בר משה מתועד בסוף המאה ה-7 בדרום מרוקו, מוסה במאה ה-11 בספרד, ובן משה במאה ה-11 באיטליה. מוס ומוסה מוזכרים במאה ה-12 ב"פייפ רולס" (רישומי מס רשמיים) באנגליה.

בן מוסה מתועד בשנת 1439, מוסה ב-1440, איבן מוסה ובן מוסה במאה ה-15, מוס בשנת 1655; מוס ב-1724 וב-1771, ומושה במאה ה-19.

במאה ה-20, מוסקוביץ' מתועד כשם משפחה יהודי במלחמת העולם הראשונה עם החייל הרומני מ.י. מוסקוביץ' ובזמן מלחמת העולם השנייה עם עם אנה מוסקוביץ', ילידת רומניה, אשר גורשה מצרפת למחנה ההשמדה הגרמני אושוויץ בספטמבר 1942.
מספר פריט:
264655
חובר ע"י חוקרים של אנו מוזיאון העם היהודי
מקומות קרובים:
פריטים קשורים:
Moscovici, Gelber (Gelbert) (1889-1937), also known as Ghita Moscu or Alexandru Badulescu), socialist and communist activist, born in Baiceni in the north-east of Romania. His father was a veteran of the Romanian War of Independence (1877-1878) and his brother a socialist sympathiser. Moscovici was a student of commerce until 1910. In the years before World War I he wrote articles for socialist youth magazines. In 1915 he was elected a member of the Social Democratic Party control commission and in the same year he was also elected in the Committee of the newly created commercial employees’ trade union.

During WW 1, Moscu gradually moved toward communism, being engaged with the socialist group that chose to continue its activity secretly in German occupied Romania. In 1918 he was arrested in Bucharest by the German military administration and sentenced to four and a half years in prison for supporting the Communist Revolution in Russia. In December 1918, after the reinstalled Romanian authorities opened fire on demonstrating workers during a general strike, he was arrested again and jailed for "attack on public security".

In 1921 Moscovici left Romania along with his wife Clara, also known as Ana Badulescu, and moved to Soviet Russia settling in Moscow. In the USSR he was named deputy rapporteur of the Executive Committee of the Communist International (Comintern) (ECCI) for the Balkan countries, and in 1927 he was appointed a member in the Balkan Secretariat of the Comintern. In 1924 he joined the Communist Party in USSR and later that year participated in Romanian Communist Party's Youth International.

During the 1930s he served as a consulting editor for the Co-operative Publishing Society of Foreign Workers in the USSR. Expelled from the Communist Party in 1935, he was eventually executed in 1937, during the Stalinist Purge, having been accused of creating a spy ring inside the ECCI.

Moscovici was rehabilitated Posthumously, first in the USSR and later in Romania, during the de-Stalinization campaigns in Eastern Europe.

Sorin Toma (1914-2016), journalist, born in Romania, the son of the writer Alexandru Toma (born Solomon Moscovici, 1875-1954). He studied at the Polytechnic School and at the Faculty of Mathematics and the Faculty of French Language and Literature of the University of Bucharest graduating in 1937. Although he joined the Communist party in 1933, when the Communist movement was illegal in Romania, Toma was employed in the Romanian Army from 1938 to 1940, when following his adherence to the Communist movement, he moved to the Soviet Union and managed to survive in the German occupied Ukraine. In Moscow he worked for a publishing house in foreign languages and then he was an officer with the Soviet Army.

He returned to Romania with a unit of Romanian volunteers within the Soviet Army in 1944. For the next two years he worked as a journalist within the Romanian Army, and then from 1947 to 1960 as editor-in-chief of Scînteia, the official daily newspaper of the Romanian Communist Party. Toma was a member of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party and also served as a deputy in the Great National Assembly (Communist parliament) between 1952-1961.

Following the purges and the power struggles within the Communist party, Toma was removed from Scînteia and appointed editor-in-chief at the Scientific Publishing House, until his retirement in 1975. After two years of verification by the Party Control Commission, Toma was expelled from the Communist party in 1963, having being accused of “cowardly behavior the Soviet territory” during WW2. Following his requests, he was admitted again into the Communist party in 1970.

Toma immigrated to Israel in 1979 settling in Netanya. In Israel he wrote his memoirs that were published in Bucharest in 2004 - Privind înapoi. Amintirile unui fost ziarist comunist, redactor-șef al Scânteii din 1947 până în 1960 (“Looking Back. The memories of a former communist journalist, editor-in-chief of Scânteia from 1947 to 1960”). He was married to Ana Toma (nee Groassman/Grossmann) (1912-1991), herself a Communist activist.            

Serge Moscovici (born Srul Herș Moscovici) (1925-2014), psychologist, historian of science and one of the main theorists of political ecology and social psychology, born in Braila, Romania. The implementation of the anti-Semitic policy by the Romanian government led to his expulsion from the high school in 1938. During the Holocaust he was sent to forced labor until August 1944, when Romania left the alliance with Nazi Germany and sided with the Allies. He joined Romanian Communist Party in 1939 at a time when the Communist movement was illegal in Romania, but he was increasingly disappointed by its policies after 1944, particularly by the censorship of the literary and artistic magazine Da (“Yes”) he founded in Bucharest with Isidor Goldstein, later known as Isidore Isou, the founder of the current called lettrisme, and his implication in a trial for helping Zionist dissidents cross the border illegally. Moscovici left Romania illegally in 1947 and after passing through Hungary, Austria, and Italy he arrived in France. With the assistance of a refugee fund, he studied psychology at the Sorbonne in Paris earning a PhD in 1961.

He was a researcher at Standford University in California and at Yale University in New Haven, CT, before returning to Paris where he became a lecturer at École pratique des hautes études. Moscovici was a visiting professor at the New School in New York, at the Rousseau Institute in Geneva, Switzerland, at the Université catholique de Louvain in Belgium and at the University of Cambridge in England. Moscovici was director of the Laboratory of Social Psychology at École des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), founder of the European Laboratory of Social Psychology at the Maison des sciences de l'homme in Paris (1976-2006), first President of the European Association of Experimental Social Psychology and, from 1974 to 1980, of the Committee on Transnational Social Psychology of the Social Research Council. He was also a member of the Russian Academy of Sciences and an honorary member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. Until his death, he was honorary president of the Serge Moscovici Global Network, founded in 2014 at the Maison des Sciences de l'Homme foundation in Paris. He was named Commandeur de la Légion d’honneur and Doctor Honoris Causa of over fifteen universities in Europe and the Americas.

Moscovici is best known for his research on the influence of minorities on majorities. He published over twenty books, including Essai sur l’histoire humaine de la nature (1968/1977), Hommes domestiques et hommes sauvages (1974), Psychologie des minorités actives (1979), L'Âge des foules: un traité historique de psychologie des masses (1981), Psychologie sociale (1984), De la nature : pour penser l’écologie (2002), Le scandale de la pensée sociale (2013). Chronique des années égarées: récit autobiographique (1997) and Mon après-guerre à Paris: chronique des années retrouvées (published posthomously in 2019) describe his experiences during the Holocaust in Romania and his life in Paris as a refugee during the late 1940s.

Serge Moscovici is the father of the French politician Pierre Moscovici.   

Romania

România

A country in eastern Europe, member of the European Union (EU)

21st Century

Estimated Jewish population in 2018: 9,000 out of 19,500,000.  Before the Holocaust Romania was home to the second largest Jewish community in Europe, and the fourth largest in the world, after USSR, USA, and Poland. Main Jewish organization:

Federaţia Comunităţilor Evreieşti Din România - Federation of Jewish Communities in Romania
Str. Sf. Vineri nr. 9-11 sector 3, Bucuresti, Romania
Phone: 021-315.50.90
Fax: 021-313.10.28
Email: secretariat@fcer.ro
Website: www.jewishfed.ro

במאגרי המידע הפתוחים
גניאולוגיה יהודית
שמות משפחה
קהילות יהודיות
תיעוד חזותי
מרכז המוזיקה היהודית
שם משפחה
אA
אA
אA
רוצה לעזור לנו לשפר את התוכן? אפשר לשלוח הצעות
מקור השם מוסקוביץ'
MOSCOVICI

שמות משפחה נובעים מכמה מקורות שונים. לעיתים לאותו שם קיים יותר מהסבר אחד. שם משפחה זה הוא מסוג השמות הטופונימיים (שם הנגזר משם של מקום כגון עיירה, עיר, מחוז או ארץ). שמות אלו, אשר נובעים משמות של מקומות, לא בהכרח מעידים על קשר היסטורי ישיר לאותו מקום, אבל יכולים להצביע על קשר בלתי ישיר בין נושא השם או אבותיו למקום, כגון בין מקום לידה, מגורים ארעיים, מסחר או קרובי משפחה.

מוסקוביץ', המכיל את הסופית הסלבית "-וביץ'" שפירושה "מ-",מוצאו מ-" וגם "בנו של", אפשר שנגזר משמה של העיר מוסקבה, בירת רוסיה, הידועה גם שמות מסקבה ברוסית, ומוסקאו בגרמנית; הנוכחות היהודית במקום הזה מתועדת החל מהמאה ה-15, למרות שעד סוף המאה ה-18 נאסר עליהם להתגורר בעיר זאת.

המונח מוסקוביטים והגרסאות שלו הוא שם גנרי עבור רוסים המקובל בשפות שונות במזרח אירופה.

ייתכן ששם משפחה זה הוא גם מסוג השמות הפטרונימיים (שמות שמקורם בשמו של האב) מכיוון שהם נגזרים משמו הפרטי של אחד מאבות המשפחה, כאשר במקרה זה הוא ממקור מקראי. מושלס הוא גרסה יידיש של השם המקראי משה. על פי ההסבר במקרא פירוש השם הוא "כי מן המיים משיתהו" (שמות, ב, י). משה רבנו, אשר חי במאה ה-13 לפסה"נ, היה בנם של עמרם ויוכבד משבט לוי, והאח של אהרוןמ ומרים.

בהיותו שם פרטי פופולרי, משה יצר גרסאות רבות אשר הפכו לשם משפחה נפוצים בכל העולם היהודי.

בר משה מתועד בסוף המאה ה-7 בדרום מרוקו, מוסה במאה ה-11 בספרד, ובן משה במאה ה-11 באיטליה. מוס ומוסה מוזכרים במאה ה-12 ב"פייפ רולס" (רישומי מס רשמיים) באנגליה.

בן מוסה מתועד בשנת 1439, מוסה ב-1440, איבן מוסה ובן מוסה במאה ה-15, מוס בשנת 1655; מוס ב-1724 וב-1771, ומושה במאה ה-19.

במאה ה-20, מוסקוביץ' מתועד כשם משפחה יהודי במלחמת העולם הראשונה עם החייל הרומני מ.י. מוסקוביץ' ובזמן מלחמת העולם השנייה עם עם אנה מוסקוביץ', ילידת רומניה, אשר גורשה מצרפת למחנה ההשמדה הגרמני אושוויץ בספטמבר 1942.
חובר ע"י חוקרים של אנו מוזיאון העם היהודי

רומניה

Romania

România

A country in eastern Europe, member of the European Union (EU)

21st Century

Estimated Jewish population in 2018: 9,000 out of 19,500,000.  Before the Holocaust Romania was home to the second largest Jewish community in Europe, and the fourth largest in the world, after USSR, USA, and Poland. Main Jewish organization:

Federaţia Comunităţilor Evreieşti Din România - Federation of Jewish Communities in Romania
Str. Sf. Vineri nr. 9-11 sector 3, Bucuresti, Romania
Phone: 021-315.50.90
Fax: 021-313.10.28
Email: secretariat@fcer.ro
Website: www.jewishfed.ro

סרג' מוסקוביץ'
סורין תומה
מוסקוביץ', גלבר (גלברט)

Serge Moscovici (born Srul Herș Moscovici) (1925-2014), psychologist, historian of science and one of the main theorists of political ecology and social psychology, born in Braila, Romania. The implementation of the anti-Semitic policy by the Romanian government led to his expulsion from the high school in 1938. During the Holocaust he was sent to forced labor until August 1944, when Romania left the alliance with Nazi Germany and sided with the Allies. He joined Romanian Communist Party in 1939 at a time when the Communist movement was illegal in Romania, but he was increasingly disappointed by its policies after 1944, particularly by the censorship of the literary and artistic magazine Da (“Yes”) he founded in Bucharest with Isidor Goldstein, later known as Isidore Isou, the founder of the current called lettrisme, and his implication in a trial for helping Zionist dissidents cross the border illegally. Moscovici left Romania illegally in 1947 and after passing through Hungary, Austria, and Italy he arrived in France. With the assistance of a refugee fund, he studied psychology at the Sorbonne in Paris earning a PhD in 1961.

He was a researcher at Standford University in California and at Yale University in New Haven, CT, before returning to Paris where he became a lecturer at École pratique des hautes études. Moscovici was a visiting professor at the New School in New York, at the Rousseau Institute in Geneva, Switzerland, at the Université catholique de Louvain in Belgium and at the University of Cambridge in England. Moscovici was director of the Laboratory of Social Psychology at École des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), founder of the European Laboratory of Social Psychology at the Maison des sciences de l'homme in Paris (1976-2006), first President of the European Association of Experimental Social Psychology and, from 1974 to 1980, of the Committee on Transnational Social Psychology of the Social Research Council. He was also a member of the Russian Academy of Sciences and an honorary member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. Until his death, he was honorary president of the Serge Moscovici Global Network, founded in 2014 at the Maison des Sciences de l'Homme foundation in Paris. He was named Commandeur de la Légion d’honneur and Doctor Honoris Causa of over fifteen universities in Europe and the Americas.

Moscovici is best known for his research on the influence of minorities on majorities. He published over twenty books, including Essai sur l’histoire humaine de la nature (1968/1977), Hommes domestiques et hommes sauvages (1974), Psychologie des minorités actives (1979), L'Âge des foules: un traité historique de psychologie des masses (1981), Psychologie sociale (1984), De la nature : pour penser l’écologie (2002), Le scandale de la pensée sociale (2013). Chronique des années égarées: récit autobiographique (1997) and Mon après-guerre à Paris: chronique des années retrouvées (published posthomously in 2019) describe his experiences during the Holocaust in Romania and his life in Paris as a refugee during the late 1940s.

Serge Moscovici is the father of the French politician Pierre Moscovici.   

Sorin Toma (1914-2016), journalist, born in Romania, the son of the writer Alexandru Toma (born Solomon Moscovici, 1875-1954). He studied at the Polytechnic School and at the Faculty of Mathematics and the Faculty of French Language and Literature of the University of Bucharest graduating in 1937. Although he joined the Communist party in 1933, when the Communist movement was illegal in Romania, Toma was employed in the Romanian Army from 1938 to 1940, when following his adherence to the Communist movement, he moved to the Soviet Union and managed to survive in the German occupied Ukraine. In Moscow he worked for a publishing house in foreign languages and then he was an officer with the Soviet Army.

He returned to Romania with a unit of Romanian volunteers within the Soviet Army in 1944. For the next two years he worked as a journalist within the Romanian Army, and then from 1947 to 1960 as editor-in-chief of Scînteia, the official daily newspaper of the Romanian Communist Party. Toma was a member of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party and also served as a deputy in the Great National Assembly (Communist parliament) between 1952-1961.

Following the purges and the power struggles within the Communist party, Toma was removed from Scînteia and appointed editor-in-chief at the Scientific Publishing House, until his retirement in 1975. After two years of verification by the Party Control Commission, Toma was expelled from the Communist party in 1963, having being accused of “cowardly behavior the Soviet territory” during WW2. Following his requests, he was admitted again into the Communist party in 1970.

Toma immigrated to Israel in 1979 settling in Netanya. In Israel he wrote his memoirs that were published in Bucharest in 2004 - Privind înapoi. Amintirile unui fost ziarist comunist, redactor-șef al Scânteii din 1947 până în 1960 (“Looking Back. The memories of a former communist journalist, editor-in-chief of Scânteia from 1947 to 1960”). He was married to Ana Toma (nee Groassman/Grossmann) (1912-1991), herself a Communist activist.            

Moscovici, Gelber (Gelbert) (1889-1937), also known as Ghita Moscu or Alexandru Badulescu), socialist and communist activist, born in Baiceni in the north-east of Romania. His father was a veteran of the Romanian War of Independence (1877-1878) and his brother a socialist sympathiser. Moscovici was a student of commerce until 1910. In the years before World War I he wrote articles for socialist youth magazines. In 1915 he was elected a member of the Social Democratic Party control commission and in the same year he was also elected in the Committee of the newly created commercial employees’ trade union.

During WW 1, Moscu gradually moved toward communism, being engaged with the socialist group that chose to continue its activity secretly in German occupied Romania. In 1918 he was arrested in Bucharest by the German military administration and sentenced to four and a half years in prison for supporting the Communist Revolution in Russia. In December 1918, after the reinstalled Romanian authorities opened fire on demonstrating workers during a general strike, he was arrested again and jailed for "attack on public security".

In 1921 Moscovici left Romania along with his wife Clara, also known as Ana Badulescu, and moved to Soviet Russia settling in Moscow. In the USSR he was named deputy rapporteur of the Executive Committee of the Communist International (Comintern) (ECCI) for the Balkan countries, and in 1927 he was appointed a member in the Balkan Secretariat of the Comintern. In 1924 he joined the Communist Party in USSR and later that year participated in Romanian Communist Party's Youth International.

During the 1930s he served as a consulting editor for the Co-operative Publishing Society of Foreign Workers in the USSR. Expelled from the Communist Party in 1935, he was eventually executed in 1937, during the Stalinist Purge, having been accused of creating a spy ring inside the ECCI.

Moscovici was rehabilitated Posthumously, first in the USSR and later in Romania, during the de-Stalinization campaigns in Eastern Europe.