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SCHWARCZ Origin of surname


Surnames derive from one of many different origins. Sometimes there may be more than one explanation for the same name. This family name derives from a physical characteristic or nickname.

Schwarcz is a variant of the German Schwartz. Schwar(t)z means "black" in German. As a personal nickname, it often referred to the black hair or beard, or dark complexion, of its bearer. As a family name, the term is found in a variety of spellings and translations. Schwartz is documented as a Jewish family name in 1387 in Strasbourg, eastern France; Swartz in 1509 in Budapest; and Schwarzschild, literally "black shield/sign" in German, in Frankfurt am Main, western Germany, in 1560. Fekethe, the Hungarian for "black", is documented as a Jewish family name in 1381 in Budapest, Hungary.

In France, Schwarzschild became Sarcil in 1925; Schwartzstein became Chastain in 1927; Szwarcbort was transformed into Charbord in 1951; Szwarcman was replaced by Sarmant in 1955; and Chwarzchtein translated as Rochenoir in 1956. In the 20th century Schwarczis documented as a Jewish family name during World War II with Louis Schwarcz who was deported from France to the German death camp at Auschwitz in October 1943.
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Written by researchers of ANU Museum of the Jewish People
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Menahem Zvi Kaddari (born Schwarz) (1925-2011), Hebrew scholar and linguist, born in Mezőkövesd, Hungary to Joshua and Shoshana Schwarz. He received his high school education in Miskolc and Ungvar (now Uzhorod, in Ukraine)). After immigrating to Israel in 1947, he studied at the Hebrew University, Jerusalem, receiving his doctorate in 1955 for a thesis on “The Grammar of the Aramaic of the Zohar.”  Kaddari lectured at the Hebrew University from 1958 to 1960 and in 1963 was appointed senior lecturer at Bar-Ilan University at Ramat Gan, and head of the Department of Hebrew and Semitic languages there. In 1966, he was appointed associate professor. From 1968 to 1970 he was dean of Bar-Ilan’s Faculty of Humanities, Social Sciences, and Jewish Studies, and in 1970 he became full professor of Hebrew. He was appointed consultant-member of the Hebrew Language Academy in 1967. Kaddari was rector of the Bar-Ilan University from 1971 to 1975 and in 1976 was rotating chairman of the Committee of Heads of the Israeli Universities. Kaddari also taught at UCLA (1967) and the University of Leeds, U.K. (1978). He was appointed visiting professor and head of the Hebrew Department of the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa, and lectured there between 1979-1981. Kaddari received the Israel Prize in 1999. His  major fields of research included Aramaic, Hebrew syntax, biblical and rabbinic Hebrew, and, mainly, modern Hebrew. One of his special interests was in defining the principles underlying the process of the internal organization of today's language.

Kaddari’s publications include: The Grammar of the Aramaic of the Zohar (Heb., 1957); “The Aramaic Antiochus Scroll,” in Bar-Ilan, Sefer ha-Hashanah, I (1963), 81-105; II (1964), 178-214; Semantic Fields in the Language of the Dead Sea Scrolls (Heb., 1968); Medieval Heritage in Modern Hebrew (Heb., 1970) and Studies in Biblical Hebrew Syntax (Heb., 1976).