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SHTERN Origin of surname

SHTERN

Surnames derive from one of many different origins. Sometimes there may be more than one explanation for the same name.

Shtern is a Yiddish variant of Stern, literally "star" in German. Stern is an artificial (or ornamental/made-up) name that is also commonly found in Jewish family names as a prefix (Sternberg) or a suffix (Loewenstern). The term Stern/Star and its equivalents, Astrum (Latin), Astruc (Provencal) and Etoile (French), have produced personal votive names, meaning "born under a good star", ranging from Bonus Astrux and Benestruc to Estelle, Stella, and Mazal, and from Sternlieb to Sternau. In turn, they may have been the source of family names that were patronyms or matronyms. Another possible source is some cases of Stern as a family name may be found in the traditional house-signs in the Jewish quarter (Judengasse) of medieval Frankfurt am Main and other German cities, many of which displayed stars. With time, many of the signs became fixed hereditary family name. Another possible source as a topographical name derived from the village of Sterniany in Russia, which produces surnames like Sternin, that were abbreviated to Stern.

Distinguished 20th century bearers of the Jewish family name Shtern include the Polish-born Canadian poet, writer and mathematician, Israel H. Shtern, and the Ukrainian-born Red Army commander, General Colonel Grigori Shtern (1900-1941), a Hero of the Soviet Union.
ID Number:
208418
Written by researchers of ANU Museum of the Jewish People
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SHTERN Origin of surname
SHTERN

Surnames derive from one of many different origins. Sometimes there may be more than one explanation for the same name.

Shtern is a Yiddish variant of Stern, literally "star" in German. Stern is an artificial (or ornamental/made-up) name that is also commonly found in Jewish family names as a prefix (Sternberg) or a suffix (Loewenstern). The term Stern/Star and its equivalents, Astrum (Latin), Astruc (Provencal) and Etoile (French), have produced personal votive names, meaning "born under a good star", ranging from Bonus Astrux and Benestruc to Estelle, Stella, and Mazal, and from Sternlieb to Sternau. In turn, they may have been the source of family names that were patronyms or matronyms. Another possible source is some cases of Stern as a family name may be found in the traditional house-signs in the Jewish quarter (Judengasse) of medieval Frankfurt am Main and other German cities, many of which displayed stars. With time, many of the signs became fixed hereditary family name. Another possible source as a topographical name derived from the village of Sterniany in Russia, which produces surnames like Sternin, that were abbreviated to Stern.

Distinguished 20th century bearers of the Jewish family name Shtern include the Polish-born Canadian poet, writer and mathematician, Israel H. Shtern, and the Ukrainian-born Red Army commander, General Colonel Grigori Shtern (1900-1941), a Hero of the Soviet Union.
Written by researchers of ANU Museum of the Jewish People