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BARLADEANU Origin of surname

BARLADEANU

Surnames derive from one of many different origins. Sometimes there may be more than one explanation for the same name. This family name is a toponymic (derived from a geographic name of a town, city, region or country). Surnames that are based on place names do not always testify to direct origin from that place, but may indicate an indirect relation between the name-bearer or his ancestors and the place, such as birthplace, temporary residence, trade, or family-relatives.

This name is derived from Bârlad (Birlad), the name of a city in Vaslui County, Romania. The Jewish presence in Barlad is first documented in 1738. Places, regions and countries of origin or residence are some of the sources of Jewish family names. But, unless the family has reliable records, names based on toponymics cannot prove the exact origin of the family.

Distinguished bearers of the family name Barladeanu include Victor (Vigder) Barladeanu (1928-2007), a Romanian poet, writer, playwright and publicist.

ID Number:
19789389
Written by researchers of ANU Museum of the Jewish People
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Victor (Vigder) Bârlădeanu (1928-2007), poet, writer, playwright and publicist, born in Bucharest, Romania. He attended Max Azriel Cultura commercial high school and then studied Slavic languages and history at the University of Bucharest. As a youth he joined for a short period of time Hashomer Hatzair Zionist youth movement and then he became active in the Communist Youth Union (UTC). He later became a member of the Communist party. As a journalist he worked for Scanteia, the official newspaper of the Romanian Communist Party. He claimed he had no relatives outside Romania and severed ties with his family, except for his parents, but a few years later his name was blacklisted by the authorities because his daughter, architect Irina Bârlădeanu, married building engineer Silvian Neidmann and the couple immigrated to Israel. After the fall of the Communist regime, Bardiano became secretary of the Romania-Israel Friendship Association.

Bârlădeanu is the author of reportage books Panoramic trotusan (“A Panorama of Trotus, 1964), Chipuri si masti (“Faces and masks, 1972), Responasabilitate si destin (“Responsibility and destiny”, 1973), Martor in timp (“Witness in time”, 1975). His scientific-fantastic stories include Operatia Psycho (“Operation Psycho”, 1961), Exilatul din Planetopoles (“Exile from Planetopoles”, 1972). Among his plays a mention should be made of Dansatoarea, gangsterul si necunoscutul (“The Dancer, the Gangster and the Unknown”, 1958), Drum bun, scumpul meu astronaut (“Goodbye, My Dear Astronaut”, 1962). Bârlădeanu’s novels include Cei ce cauta, cei ce gasesc (“Those who seek, those who find”, 1976), Piata de joc (“Game square”, 1977), Peisaj cu mori de vant (“Landscape with windmills”, 1989). In 1995 he published Orologiul scufundat (“The sunken clock”), a volume of poetry. His literary output also includes the opera libretto Interogatoriu in zori (“Interrogation at dawn”, 1977) as well as the texts for various musical shows.

Barlad

Bârlad, Birlad

A city in Vaslui County, Romania.

The Jewish community there is first attested in 1738 when the Prince of Moldavia, Gregor Ghica, appointed Marco (Mordecai) as leader (Starosty) of the Jews of Barlad according to ancient custom. A row of Jewish stores is mentioned in 1767 and a Jewish street in 1819; 53 Jewish households were recorded in 1803.

In 1838 the Jews were accused of desecrating Christian holy objects, and 23 notables of the community, including three women, were imprisoned. They were released only after payment of a heavy fine. In December 1867, there was an outbreak of violence when the Jews were accused of murdering an anti-Semitic priest.

The community numbered 2,000 in 1859, 5,883 (24% of the total) in 1899, about one-third of the merchants and artisans in the city being Jews, and 3,727 in 1930 (14% of the total), mainly occupied in commerce (many as clerks) and as artisans. There were then in Barlad a Jewish kindergarten and two Jewish schools, for boys and for girls. In 1941 there were 3,063 Jews living in Barlad.

Antonescu's rise to power in September 1940 marked the beginning of their economic repression, including the confiscation of property. All the Jewish men, including professionals, were sent on forced labor; but the latter were released when their Romanian colleagues rallied to their side and threatened to join them on forced labor.

On the outbreak of war against the Soviet Union in June 1941 all the Jews from the villages and towns in the district were expelled and sent to Barlad. Sources of livelihood were scarce, and the community had to take care of the unemployed; 200 families were subsidized in 1940 and by 1943 their number had grown to 600. The community also opened its own secondary school for the Jewish children who had been dismissed from the public secondary schools. Four men who had been deported to Transnistria eventually returned to Barlad.

In 1969, 100 Jewish families lived in Barlad. There was one synagogue.