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The Jewish Community of Brasov

Brasov

Hung. Brasso; Ger. Kronstadt; between 1950 and 1960 Orasul Stalin

A town in Transylvania, until 1918 in Hungary, since then in central Romania.

From 1492 onward Jews are mentioned living there temporarily or passing through Brasov in transit. They took part in the trade between Hungary, Mutenia, and Turkey. In 1826 several Jewish families received permission to settle there permanently. The community numbered 103 in 1865 and 1,198 in 1900.

A secular Jewish school was established in 1860. In 1868, the Brasov community became liberal. A separate orthodox community was established in 1877. The school continued to serve both communities. The Jewish population numbered 2,594 in 1930.

During World War II, under the fascist regime, the communal buildings and much Jewish property were confiscated. The rehabilitated community was reorganized in 1949 in accordance with the law on the organization of Jewish communities in Romania. Instead of two communities, a unified one was established with an orthodox section. The Jewish population numbered 1,759 in the town of Brasov and 4,035 in the district in 1956, and 2,000 in the town in 1968.

Place Type:
City
ID Number:
184577
Written by researchers of ANU Museum of the Jewish People
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Would you like to help us improving the content? Send us your suggestions
The Jewish Community of Brasov

Brasov

Hung. Brasso; Ger. Kronstadt; between 1950 and 1960 Orasul Stalin

A town in Transylvania, until 1918 in Hungary, since then in central Romania.

From 1492 onward Jews are mentioned living there temporarily or passing through Brasov in transit. They took part in the trade between Hungary, Mutenia, and Turkey. In 1826 several Jewish families received permission to settle there permanently. The community numbered 103 in 1865 and 1,198 in 1900.

A secular Jewish school was established in 1860. In 1868, the Brasov community became liberal. A separate orthodox community was established in 1877. The school continued to serve both communities. The Jewish population numbered 2,594 in 1930.

During World War II, under the fascist regime, the communal buildings and much Jewish property were confiscated. The rehabilitated community was reorganized in 1949 in accordance with the law on the organization of Jewish communities in Romania. Instead of two communities, a unified one was established with an orthodox section. The Jewish population numbered 1,759 in the town of Brasov and 4,035 in the district in 1956, and 2,000 in the town in 1968.

Written by researchers of ANU Museum of the Jewish People