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YIZHAKI Origin of surname


Surnames derive from one of many different origins. Sometimes there may be more than one explanation for the same name. This family name is a patronymic surname based on a male ancestor's personal name, in this case of biblical origin.

Yizhaki is a Hebrew form of Ben Isaac, that is "Isaac's son". The biblical Isaac, in Hebrew Yitzchak, the second of the patriarchs, was the son of Abraham and Sarah. His name means "will laugh" (Genesis 21.6). The name of the first German Jew recorded in history is Isaac. Probably a merchant residing in Aachen (Aix-La-Chapelle), he was a member of the embassy sent by Emperor Charlemagne (Carolus Magnus) to the Caliph Harun Al Rashid in 797 CE. A widespread personal name, Isaac produced many Jewish family names in several languages, among them the Yiddish Itzig and Hitzig, the French Isacquet and Haquet, and the English Hitchcock.

Distinguished bearers of the Jewish family name Yizhaki include the 16th century Turkish talmudist, Abraham Yizhaki, and Eretz Israel Rabbi, Abraham Ben David Yizhaki (1661-1729).
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Written by researchers of ANU Museum of the Jewish People
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