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ROBBIN Origin of surname


Surnames derive from one of many different origins. Sometimes there may be more than one explanation for the same name. This family name derives from Jewish communal functionaries or titles. The family name may also be a patronymic surname based on a male ancestor's personal name, in this case of biblical origin. Sometimes Robbin, Robin and Roby come from the biblical male personal name Reuven/Ruben/Ruven/Rubin, but they can also be variants of Rabbi.

Similar family names indicating rabbinic descent are Marbiz Torah, Hakham ("wise one"), Hacham ("wise one"), Mori ("my teacher"), 'Dayan' ("religious judge"), as well as Rabbi, Rebbi and Ribbi.

A great number of Jewish family names can be traced to the title of Rabbi. One of them is Ravina, borne by two Amoraim who helped to complete the Babylonian Talmud.

Abnarrabi is documented in 1206, Elrabi in 1282, Rabi in 1283 with Samuel Rabi of Tortosa (Spain), Rabbi in the 13th century, Raby in 1462, Rabj in 1465, Adarabbi and Adarby in the 16th century, and Ribbi in 1782. In the Diaspora, the Hebrew name was associated with the precious stone called "ruby" and produced a variety of family names. The German form Rubin is documented in the 12th century, Ruben is recorded in 1230, Reuben in the 14th century, Rubeni in the 16th century, and Robin in 1715.

In the 20th century Robin is recorded as a Jewish family name with sub-lieutenant Dudley Joseph Robin, who served in the Australian navy during World War II.
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Written by researchers of ANU Museum of the Jewish People
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